Researching: DVIC, Philly’s New Fusion Center

The Delaware Valley Intelligence Center is an "all crimes" model fusion center located in South Philadelphia. Photo DVIC Brochure
The Delaware Valley Intelligence Center, an “all crimes” model fusion center located in South Philadelphia and serving public and private agencies in PA, MD, NJ, and DE. Photo DVIC Brochure

The Delaware Valley Intelligence Center, which Dustin Slaughter reported on in The Declaration, is an “all crimes” model information aggregation, analysis, and distribution facility made available to law nforcement and private sector entities in a four state region, at various levels of contribution and access.

It utilizes the resources of federal, state, and local authorities as well as from financial institutions, utility and telecommunication companies, providers of transit and health services, and other privately-held participants whose security and function are deemed critical to public safety and official operations. The process ‘fuses’ these networked investigative and analytic contributions and generates a synthesized “intelligence product” – an ever more ubiquitous offering most often in the form of a text-based ‘digest’ of current events in the threat register (see the DHS Open Source Critical Infrastructure Report for a watered-down example), but more and more frequently being advertised as featuring highly-interactive, user-friendly graphical interfaces linked to stations and cameras reporting incidents in real time.

Intelligence and Analysis Tools, part of a proprietary suite of software implemented by the SOSSEC Con
Intelligence and Analysis Tools, part of a proprietary suite of software implemented by the SOSSEC Consortium. Operators of compatible workstations can collaborate with identical access to information resources with no geographic limitation.

Although an address listed for the facility was available to the editors of the Declaration, 2800 S 20th Street in Philadelphia, the business listed as operating from that location is Defense Realty LLC, about which there is very little readily searchable information. Using advanced operators in Google Search I recently located a pdf document, the SOSSEC Consortium Private Sector Briefing on the facility and its operations, presumably distributed to prospective participants in the fusion center (The DVIC Brochure, which I’d read,  is a very heavily sanitized version of the Briefing with an overview/pitch of the DVIC project).

The System of Systems Security Consortium, SOSSEC, provides yet another solution to  “events of 9/11” which “spawned a U.S. Army initiative to ‘Provide Solutions to meet Local, Regional and National Force Protection (FP), Homeland Defense (HD), and Homeland Security (HS) needs with a System of Systems Scalable, Interoperable and Integrated Approach for Addressing  Emerging 21st Century Threats” (DVIC Brochure). The Consortium’s flagship project seems to be the Philadelphia fusion center, and further, as their website as much as explains, federal involvement is largely a function of and vehicle for contract development by defense giant  CACI (Ever Vigilant).

The Private Sector Briefing contains images and other items of research and journalistic interest which combined with previous knowledge allow us to paint a more complete picture of the Fusion Center.  The ability to cross-reference pre-construction photos with 3D map information from the CIA’s Google Earth allowed us to confirm that the location for Defense Realty LLC was indeed the physical location for the facility’s operation. Although the publication is somewhat dated I believe the information within is meant for a somewhat more exclusive audience and therefore more reliably descriptive.

Dustin Slaughter and I took a bus to investigate the site, which is indeed activity and much improved since the below pictures were taken (photographs are at dated to July 2011 at the latest). The Declaration will have a complete piece posted soon, below I present a selection of research from our ongoing investigation into the project.

Photos from the SOSSEC Private Sector briefing show the Center's site near Oregon Avenue and 20th Street in South Philly
Photos from the SOSSEC Private Sector briefing show the Center’s site near Oregon Avenue and 20th Street in South Philly. We were able to identify the tower on the left from Google Earth images.
Photo: Google Earth 3D View
Photo: Google Earth 3D View
Image: Google Earth 3D View
Photo: Google Earth 3D View
The DVIC property is a massive complex which formerly housed the Department of Defense logistic headquarters for the region. The tower in the 3D image can be seen in the pre-construction photos.
The DVIC property is a massive complex which formerly housed the Department of Defense logistic headquarters for the region. The tower in the 3D image can be seen in the pre-construction photos and is two blocks east of the blue dot marking the facility’s address. Photo Bing Maps.
This image of an example surveillance camera map includes the street name "Chemin Bedford," revealing the city in the map to be Montreal. It's possible that the software being used in Philadelphia is the same platform.
This image of an example surveillance camera map includes the street name “Chemin Bedford,” revealing the city in the map to be Montreal. It’s possible that the software being used in Philadelphia is the same platform. Photo SOSSEC Private Sector Briefing
The site is the former headquarters of the Department of Defense's logistic operations for the region, explaining the  company name at the South Philly address, as well as the alternative text "Defense Logistics Agency" 's appearance on Google Earth when mousing-over. CACI has billions in contracts with Homeland Security and the DOD
The site is the former headquarters of the Department of Defense’s logistic operations for the region, explaining the company name at the South Philly address, as well as the alternative text “Defense Logistics Agency”  appearing on Google Earth when mousing-over the location. CACI has billions in contracts with Homeland Security and the DOD.
Officer! You're getting a Dell! Dell has a large business computing division, and if the Briefing is an accurate indication they will be contracting for almost all of the workstation hardware at the DVIC
Officer! You’re getting a Dell!
Dell has a large business computing division, and if the Briefing is an accurate indication they will be contracting for almost all of the workstation hardware at the DVIC
Map details the DVIC's primary core response/monitoring zone. SOSSEC
Map details the DVIC’s  core response/monitoring zone. SOSSEC
Graphic showing the Center's functional participants and basic hierarchy. Notice in the purple outer ring agencies as remote as Pittsburgh PD
Graphic showing the Center’s functional participants and basic hierarchy. Notice in the purple outer ring agencies as remote as Pittsburgh PD and as disparate as the US Department of Energy and the American Red Cross
Another graphic revealing relationship between participants, this with more specific local entities. The Flow Chart acronym soup is described in the next image.
Another graphic revealing relationships between participants. SOSSEC

JTTF (NJTTF, PA JTTF) – Joint Terrorism Task Force:

From the DOJ website: “Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs) are small cells of highly trained, locally based, passionately committed investigators, analysts, linguists, SWAT experts, and other specialists from dozens of U.S. law enforcement and intelligence agencies. It is a multi-agency effort led by the Justice Department and FBI designed to combine the resources of federal, state, and local law enforcement.”

PARTSWG  – Philadelphia Area Regional Transit Security Working Group, including subdivisions for the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA), the Delaware River Port Authority (DRPA/PATCO) New Jersey Transit,  the Delaware Transit Corporation (DART), PennDOT and Amtrak.

PARTSWG is helping to implement processes and systems that allow for enhanced communications and information sharing between regional transit system and other regional security stakeholders for the purpose of avoiding terrorism and being prepared for any type of disasters. This PARTSWG education campaign was funded by a grant from the Department of Homeland Security”

PaCIC – Pennsylvania Criminal Information Center – The DVIC will share information directly through the PaCIC, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s law enforcement information portal. “PaCIC provides Pennsylvania’s law enforcement community with 24/7/365 access to its most powerful weapon, information. In July 2003, the Pennsylvania State Police, Bureau of Criminal Investigation initiated the Pennsylvania Criminal Intelligence Center (PaCIC) in an effort to provide law enforcement throughout the Commonwealth with one central point of contact for their information needs.”

Where are the FBI and the DHS in all these flowcharts and diagrams? The short answer to that question is: everywhere. The Joint Terrorism Task Force DVIC cell was activated on July 15, 2011, 11 days before the publication of the SOSSEC Briefing which included a brief schedule of DVIC development. National and local JTTF operations are an initiative of, helmed by, and heavily staffed by the Department of Justice and its Federal Bureau of investigations.

Again in the SOSSEC Briefing, the JTTF DVIC Cell was activated July 15, 2011 when law enforcement began occupying space in the facility,  and at the time of publication was scheduled to be fully housed in the facility to coincide with the beginning of full operations for the facility
Again in the SOSSEC Briefing, the JTTF DVIC Cell was activated July 15, 2011 when law enforcement began occupying space in the facility, and at the time of publication was scheduled to be fully housed in the facility to coincide with the beginning of full operations for the facility – Photo SOSSEC

As can be seen, a “DHS HQ intel analyst” assignment was a first step concomitant with the official designation as a fusion center. The DHS is present under various agency guises such as the USCG, the United States Coast Guard, absorbed from the DOD along with agencies formerly under other cabinet departments to form the new DHS in 2003.

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